Root Canal is a treatment to repair the infected tooth. With a root canal, the infection is eliminated and the decontaminated tooth is protected instead of removing it. The word ‘root canal’ means cleaning of the canal right from inside the tooth’s root.

What is a Root Canal?
A root canal treatment removes the pulp from the decayed tooth. In this procedure, the pulp which is composed of nerves and blood vessels is removed from the toot. It is cleaned and disinfected; The inside of the tooth is then filled and sealed. This treatment is needed when a large cavity damages the tooth’s root. When the root becomes infected the root canal treatment is required.

What Causes a Root Canal?
There are a number of causes for a root canal treatment:
· A decay that is very deep in the tooth.
· Repeated dental treatment to the tooth
· Trauma.
· Crack or chip in the tooth
· Faulty crown
An injury to the tooth may cause a crack or damage which needs a root canal. Many times it may not be visible.

Signs You Need a Root Canal.

Signs that indicate that you need a root canal therapy include:
• Serious tooth pain while eating or applying pressure in that area.
• Sensitivity and pain to hot or cold temperature even after food or liquid is removed.
• Tenderness or swelling in the gums.
• Darkening of the teeth.

Root Canal Procedure

The Root Canal Therapy requires one or two office visits and can be performed by a dentist. The root canal treatment procedure goes as follows:
• A deeply infected tooth is worked upon.
• A route up to the root is made.
• The infected or inflamed tissue is removed.
• The canals are filled with a permanent material.
• The tooth is rebuilt with a cap.

Root Canal Treatment
The first step required for a root canal is an X-Ray that will determine the shape of the root canal and check if there is an infection in the bone surrounding the tooth. The dentist will then use anesthesia to numb the surrounding area before working.
A sheet of rubber is placed around the tooth to keep it dry and free of saliva during the treatment. A hole is drilled in the teeth to remove the damaged nerve and pulp along with the bacteria. The cleaning process is completed using root canal files. The file is used to scrape or scrub the sides of the root canals once the cleaning is completed.
Next is the process of sealing the tooth. If there is an infection the dentist may put some medication in the infected area and leave for some time. The dentist may put a temporary filling to protect the tooth from root canal pain until a customized crown is ready. In other cases, the dentist will seal the tooth.

While sealing the tooth a rubber compound is placed into the root canal where the decayed material was removed. Then a filling is placed over the access hole.
The root canal treatment that needed a filling would need extra care and extra work like a crown or a cap to be placed on the tooth. The crown looks like a natural tooth. It is placed on top of the tooth

Root Canal Aftercare:
Patients can return back to their normal activity the next day. After the treatment, the patient may feel sensitivity on the tooth. It can be controlled by light medications that the dentist suggests for a day or two.

A tooth restored by root canal can last a lifetime if proper care is given. Root canal treatment has a high success rate. A few ways that one needs to take care of after a root canal treatment are:
• Don’t chew or bite down on the treated tooth until it is fully restored.
• To maintain regular good oral hygiene – Brush twice a day and floss daily.
• Avoid sticky food like chewing gum.
• Visit the dentist regularly for a checkup and cleaning.
• Avoid chewing hard stuff that can cause teeth to break or damage the root canal.

Advantages of the Root canal:

With the advance in modern techniques and effective anesthesia, Root canal treatment has become virtually painless and often leaves you with less discomfort.

South Ex Dental is Best Dental Clinic in South Delhi is a modern fully equipped center to diagnose and treat all conditions related to your Teeth & Smile. Your Root canal treatment with South Ex Dental helps you maintain your natural smile, continue eating the foods you love and limit the need for ongoing dental work!!